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Taxonomy

Plant Type

Learn About Plant Type

Tomato plants can be divided into several basic groups according to their growth type. Each of them is characterized by features that make certain types of growth dedicated to cultivation in the field, others in greenhouses or in hanging baskets and pots. The growth type of the tomato plant is also important when choosing the type of support. The following characteristics contain the most important features of various types of tomato plant growth along with illustrative photos.


Determinate

Determinate tomato plants tend to be shorter than indeterminate and can reach a certain height and then stop growing. Determinate tomatoes are characterized by the bushy growth that does not require a support, in normal cases. Those varieties are perfect choice for small gardens or for container growing. The majority of those type of tomato plants produce fruit within a much shorter period of time and after harvesting they can be remove.


Dwarf

Dwarf tomato plants rarely grow higher than 2 or 3 feet and can be both - determinate or indeterminate. They are perfect choice for container growing.


Indeterminate

Indeterminate tomato plants grow continuously and producing fruit through the entire growing season, until frost. Most indeterminate tomato plants grow very tall and can reach even 10 feet. This type of tomato varieties need support.


Mini Dwarf/Micro/Basket

Micro dwarf tomatoes are varieties, that usually grow to about (5-10 inches tall). The smallest ones can reach only about 3 inches. They are very beautiful little plants, that can be grown even on windowsill all year long.


Multiflora

Multiflora type tomato plants produce huge trusses of flowers and fruit.


Rugose Dwarf

As the name says, this is a type of dwarf tomato plant with rugose leaf foliage. Those plants can have both – potato and regular rugose leaves.


Semi-Determinate

The semi-determinate tomatoes are typical determinate types except in the length of the branches. That is why they are somewhere in between the true determinate and true indeterminate tomatoes. This type of tomato plants need support.


 

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